Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city. Fashion models like Yfke Sturm, Doutzen Kroes and Kim Noorda started their careers in Amsterdam. The city has three beaches: Nemo Beach, Citybeach "Het stenen hoofd" (Silodam) and Blijburg, all located in the Centrum borough. [163] A notable feature of the façades of buildings designed in Amsterdamse School is that they are highly decorated and ornate, with oddly shaped windows and doors. [79] Still, the population of Amsterdam was only modest compared to the towns and cities of Flanders and Brabant, which comprised the most urbanised area of the Low Countries. The largest area by population, the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area (Dutch: Metropoolregio Amsterdam), has a population of 2,33 million. On 1 January 1921, after a flood in 1916, the depleted municipalities of Durgerdam, Holysloot, Zunderdorp and Schellingwoude, all lying north of Amsterdam, were, at their own request, annexed to the city. The Stille Omgang—a silent walk or procession in civil attire—is the expression of the pilgrimage within the Protestant Netherlands since the late 19th century. This can be recognised by the suffix -meer which means lake, as in Aalsmeer, Bijlmermeer, Haarlemmermeer, and Watergraafsmeer. AFAS Live is also host to many electronic dance music festivals, alongside many other venues. Some of these markets are held daily, like the Albert Cuypmarkt and the Dappermarkt. Amsterdam, as well as most of the North Holland province, lies in USDA Hardiness zone 8b. [137], Amsterdam experienced an influx of religions and cultures after the Second World War. The basketball team MyGuide Amsterdam competes in the Dutch premier division and play their games in the Sporthallen Zuid.[208]. Its purpose is to house temporary exhibitions of the museum. Since 1999, the city of Amsterdam honours the best sportsmen and women at the Amsterdam Sports Awards. [153], In response to overcrowding, two plans were designed at the beginning of the 20th century which were very different from anything Amsterdam had ever seen before: Plan Zuid, designed by the architect Berlage, and West. Jews often fled the pogroms in those areas. Amsterdam Centraal is also an international railway station. These St Andrew's crosses can also be found on the city shields of neighbours Amstelveen and Ouder-Amstel. CBSE > Class 11 > English Core 2 answers; Tannu Singh Bhardwaj 2 months, 2 weeks ago. These buildings were built according to the principles of the architect Hendrick de Keyser. [citation needed], In the second half of the 17th century, Amsterdam experienced an influx of Ashkenazim, Jews from Central and Eastern Europe. [171] The number of visitors has been growing steadily over the past decade. The required large-scale demolitions began in Amsterdam's former Jewish neighbourhood. The entire city becomes overcrowded with people buying products from the freemarket, or visiting one of the many music concerts. Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 11 English Hornbill book Chapter 2– We are not afraid to die if we all can be together. [209], The city of Amsterdam is a municipality under the Dutch Municipalities Act. The Singelgracht should not be confused with the oldest and innermost canal, the Singel. Amsterdam is the financial and business capital of the Netherlands. Amsterdam fans out south from the Amsterdam Centraal station and Damrak, the main street off the station. The stations for local services are: Lelylaan, RAI, Holendrecht, Muiderpoort and Science Park. Most are accessible by cyclists. Describe Ile Amsterdam? The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is considered the oldest "modern" securities market stock exchange in the world. These companies acquired overseas possessions that later became Dutch colonies. Royal Theatre Carré was built as a permanent circus theatre in 1887 and is currently mainly used for musicals, cabaret performances, and pop concerts. [59], Construction of a metro line connecting the part of the city north of the river (or lake) IJ to the centre was started in 2003. [201] Another popular dance festival is 5daysoff, which takes place in the venues Paradiso and Melkweg. Amsterdam holds two American football franchises: the Amsterdam Crusaders and the Amsterdam Panthers. A common sight on the Leidseplein during summer is a square full of terraces packed with people drinking beer or wine. In the park is an open-air theatre, a playground and several horeca facilities. Share with your friends. [143] In the early 17th century, when immigration was at a peak, a comprehensive plan was developed that was based on four concentric half-circles of canals with their ends emerging at the IJ bay. The neighbourhoods consisted mainly of large housing blocks located among green spaces, connected to wide roads, making the neighbourhoods easily accessible by motor car. This made the water flow of the Amstel more active, so excess water could be drained better. Together with Eindhoven (Brainport) and Rotterdam (Seaport), Amsterdam (Airport) forms the foundation of the Dutch economy. [144] The fourth and outermost canal is the Singelgracht, which is often not mentioned on maps because it is a collective name for all canals in the outer ring. Fourteen of those had their own district council (deelraad), elected by a popular vote. They range from small museums such as the Verzetsmuseum (Resistance Museum), the Anne Frank House, and the Rembrandt House Museum, to the very large, like the Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics), Amsterdam Museum (formerly known as Amsterdam Historical Museum), Hermitage Amsterdam (a dependency of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg) and the Joods Historisch Museum (Jewish Historical Museum). In the 16th century, the Dutch rebelled against Philip II of Spain and his successors. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new Exam pattern. Hilversum is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands. Amsterdam has more than 100 km (60 mi) of canals, most of which are navigable by boat. At the peak of the demolition, the Nieuwmarktrellen (Nieuwmarkt Riots) broke out;[53] the rioters expressed their fury about the demolition caused by the restructuring of the city. 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